Test Website

Test results for http://www.burgenland.at Test results from 3/27/2009 8:03:01 AM

Frames

Frames break numerous conventions that web users had grown used to, e.g. the possibility to save a specific website as a favourite or to mail the direct URL to a friend. In addition, when viewed with older browsers, frames disable the 'Back' button and make it impossible to print out the webpage. Frames are to be avoided as far as possible, even though later generation browsers can handle them better.

Source:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger

Further information:
http://www.html-faq.com/htmlframes/?FramesAreEvil

The tested website does not use frames.

Intro page

Intros inhibit website users to access the information they were looking for. In addition they convey the impression that the website owners place more importance on the design than on the offer of information or solutions to their customers. A website needs to instantly communicate what it is about and what a user can expect to find. The website must also take account of the little time available to the website user. It should be noted that users spend in average only 2 minutes on a website.

An intro page to allow language or regional choice is unnecessary, as there is a possibility to identify this automatically.
Javascript intros for re-directing and configuration purposes are also discouraged, even though users hardly notice them, as they have an impact on search engines and accessibility. Nowadays there are better alternatives to be used server-side.

Please note that you may not be able to see an intro page, depending on language settings, IP address and other user criteria. The intro page may, however, show for other users, and it is available for search engines, spiders and bots.

Source:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger

Further information:
http://www.kundennutzen.ch/intros.php
http://nitzsche.info/de.pub-2-vorschaltseiten.php

No intro page was found on the tested website.

Printer Friendliness

Web users often want to print the content of a page. Neat printing of the content (e.g. without having the borders cut off) can be achieved by implementing a print function and also by including stylesheets which have been optimised for printing.

Further information:
http://www.thestyleworks.de/tut-art/layout_print.shtml

The tested website contains one print function or stylesheets optimised for printing 

Missing Title

The website must contain a precise "title tag", a page title. This is based on the following:

  • The title is displayed on the title bar of the browser window.
  • The title is used when setting a bookmark (or favourite).
  • The file title is shown in the browser in the list of pages previously searched.
  • Many search engines offer the title as a hyperlink.
  • Search engines use the content of the title for their search.
  • Website users often only read the first words and should therefore have enough information about the website.
Therefore, default titles such as "untitled document" or "untitled page" or just "title" are not useful.

Further information:
http://www.aboutwebdesign.de/awd/content/1089111663.shtml
http://ranta.info/ThemaTitle

The tested website contains a page title.

Bad Page Title

The website must contain a precise and meaningful "title tag", a page title. This is based on the following:

  • The title is displayed on the title bar of the browser window.
  • The title is used when setting a bookmark (or favourite).
  • The file title is shown in the browser in the list of pages previously searched.
  • Many search engines offer the title as a hyperlink.
  • Search engines use the content of the title for their search.
  • Website users often only read the first words and should therefore have enough information about the website.
Equally important is the choice of precise and meaningful titles. The content should be summarised in the title, helping users to find the information needed. According to Nielsen, titles should not be longer than 60 characters.

Source and further information:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger and http://www.useit.com/alertbox/weblogs.html
http://www.usability-now.com/suchmaschinenoptimierung/.

The tested website complies with this requirement.

Non changing page title.

Each page of a website should have its own page title, which reflects the content of the page itself. This carries many advantages, e.g. page titles are used for bookmarking and are read by search engines. Unique page titles therefore lead to search engine optimisation.

Further information:
http://www.socialpatterns.com/search-engine-optimization/writing-better-titles/

The tested website complies with the requirements.

Meta Redirect

Automated re-directions are criticised  because the target page is not accessible to the user.

Source and further information: http://de.selfhtml.org/html/kopfdaten/meta.htm#weiterleitung.

The tested website does not contain an automated re-direction.

Valid XHTML

HTML is a mark-up language used to create websites, and is independent of platforms.

"HTML is not a programming language, since HTML does not allow to, say, control a robot, set a variable or programme a game." (Quelle)

The display of invalid or incorrect documents depends on the software reading them (browser, roboter, screenreader, etc; see above). However, the display will vary greatly depending on the software, and this can lead to errors, often without the knowledge of the website manager, since it is impossible to test the website against all updates of all the software.

Non validated HTML source text can cause high costs, especially if it causes the software to look for an error or if the functionality and therefore the user experience is impacted.  


Further information:
The validity of the HTML source text can be checked with a so-called 'validator'.

Examples:

Further information
http://blog.antikoerperchen.de/beitrag/28/validierung-wozu-warum-valider-html-code-wichtig-ist.html


Acronyms: 
HTML: HyperText Markup Language

The tested website contains valid XHTML source text.

Headings Available

The content of the website needs to be well structured with logical and meaningful titles (h1, h2, h3...). Meaningful words which are important for the understanding of the text, need to be placed at the beginning of the title, as web users mainly only perceive the first few words of a title. Titles should be no longer than 60 characters.
Titles can also have a positive impact on search machine rankings.

Source and further information:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger.

The website contains well structured and meaningful titles.

Popup

Pop-ups tend to annoy web users, as they appear suddenly and cannot be controlled. In addition, many users associate pop-ups with untrustworthy gambling and porn sites. User-friendly websites should therefore not include pop-ups, with the following exception: a print-preview of a page displayed as a pop-up.

Source:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger

Further information:
http://www.usability.ch/Alt_nav/Alertbox/NJ_20041206.htm

Your website does not contain pop-ups.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

Broken Anchors

Broken bookmarks slow users down when looking for information.

Source and further information:
http://de.selfhtml.org/html/verweise/projektintern.htm#anker

No broken bookmarks were found on the tested website.

Times Font

"Times New Roman" is the font mostly used in printing. For online usage, however, it is advised to use it with a size of 12 points or more. Basically, Nielsen does not advise to use it, as it is not perceived as being professional and does not appeal to any age group.

Source and further information:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger

No Times New Roman font was found on the tested website.

This page is optimized for ... 

This page is optimized for ... or "Best viewed with Netscape Navigator and 800x600" reduce unnecessarily the usability of a website and tell the website user to choose the "correct" configuration to allow an optimised display of the website. It is the duty of the website owner (web designer) to create a site so that it remains functional without loosing appeal in as many browsers and browser configurations as possible.

Further information:http://www.htmlhelp.com/feature/art2.htm ""This page optimized for ..." - arguing with customers -" the website Design Group.

No text reading "This page optimized for ..." was found on the tested website.

Link to Local Files

Links to web files placed on local files do not work, and are therefore classed as 'dead' links. Such links should be avoided.

The tested website complies with the requirements.

Visited Links

Marking previously visited hyperlinks helps users to identify which pages of the website have previously been read. In other words, according to Nielsen the navigation interface should answer three essential questions: "Where am I?", "Where have I been?" and "Where can I go?"

Source and further information:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger and "Designing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen

Previously visited hyperlinks are marked accordingly. Make sure that the marking is obvious enough, without highlighting the link itself but by keeping a contrast with the background.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

Links on a website

By typing "link:www.anydomain.com" on Google, the links contained on the webpage indicated are displayed. Example: www.microsoft.com.
The popularity of the links can also be tested with
http://www.webmasterplus.org/popular/form.html or http://www.alexa.com.
This test uses the services of http://www.alexa.com.

The popularity of a website is determined, among other things, by the quantity and quality of the relevant links. The former can be easily assessed with the above described search.

Further information:
http://www.alexa.com
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pagerank

The tested website contains many links directing to the website

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

Underline

Internet users expect hyperlinks to be either coulour coded or underlined. Therefore, the tag "underline" should not be used for non hyperlinked text. Using the tag "underline" for non hyperlinked text confuses the user, making it more difficult to recognise genuine hyperlinks.

Source and further information:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen and Hora Loranger
http://www.usability.ch/Alt_nav/Alertbox/NJ_20040510.htm

No "underline" tages for non hyperlinked text were found on the tested website.

Resizable Fonts

Not all visually impaired people make use of technical support to navigate on the internet. The feature to increase fonts is an important element to ensure that all information of the website can be read by all users. Even people who are not visually impaired need to increase the font sometimes. At the same time, an increasing number of older people surf the web; they too need a feature to increase the font. To this purpose, it is important to define the font size not in pixel, but in percentage or "em".

Source and further information:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger

The tested website complies with all requests.

Meta Description

"Description" is used to summarise the content of a HTML-page as short and incisive as possible. The content of this meta information is not shown to the user in the internet browser, but search engines do use them to a certain extent to evaluate the relevance of a site for the results page.

The description summarises the content in one sentence. The summaries are normally shown on the results page of search engines and contribute a great deal to the choice of web users.

Further information:
http://de.selfhtml.org/html/kopfdaten/meta.htm#beschreibung

The tested website contains a description on the homepage and on up to four sub-pages.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

Spaghetti Markup

Separating design and structure of the website carries great advantages. The sharper the distinction, the more independent the two areas are. A lack of such a distinction is also called a "spaghetti mark-up" or a "tag-soup" (from the term "HTML tag").

Nowadays it is easy to save colours, type fonts, design images and to a large extent even the layout of the website in CSS files (CSS = Cascading Style Sheet).

Further information:
http://www.style-sheets.de/guide/grundlagen/warum_css
http://www.vorsprungdurchwebstandards.de/theory/retro-coding/

Hint for IT technicians: "Code" does not refer to javascript, but to HTML source.

No spaghetti mark-up was found on the tested website.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

Blinking Elements

Blinking and moving text should be avoided. website users would like to read at their own pace and usually they class moving text as unimportant ads. Static text can be read quicker by users and does force them to wait for returning text. Furthermore, problems may arise when printing the page.

Source and further information: "Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger, as well as hints on  http://www.barrierefreies-webdesign.de/

No blinking or moving text was found on the tested website.

Document Type Declaration

HTML is only one of a series of markup languages, though it is the best known one. HTML is relatively old and has seen various, rather different variations. The Document Type Declaration indicates which markup language and which version of it has been used. A sorting software, e.g. a web browser, can understand this indication.

Source and further information: http://de.selfhtml.org/html/allgemein/grundgeruest.htm.

The tested website contains a Document Type Declaration.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

Log on the international spam database

So called "black lists" are kept worldwide to avoid spam. The lists contain domains, e-mail addresses or IP addresses. Incoming e-mails can be treated separately if they are found to relate to one of the criteria listed. This can range from completely deny reception to a delay, from deletion to the marking as spam. Black lists can be kept locally or centrally on servers, in what is called a "Realtime Blackhole List" (RBL).

Currently, the tested Domain is not listed in any on the reviewed black lists.

Text in all Upper Case

A text in upper case reduces the reading speed by approx. 10%. The single words of the text are not easily recognised by the eye, and the whole text blurs into a block. A text in upper case is perceived as aggressive, amateurish, childish and unprofessional. Use upper case only for short titles.

Source and further information:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger.
Compare also with Schriver, Karen in Dynamics in Document Design, page 274:
"When text is set in all capital letters, reading speed is slowed about 13 to 20 percent. Reading speed is optimal when  uppercase and lowercase letters are used. When extra emphasis is needed, bold has been found to be a better cue than uppercase."

No text in upper case has been found on the tested website.

Using keywords

Keywords allow internal and external search crawlers to find content for interested users. Keywords should be chosen from the language and vocabulary of the web user to describe the page content as closely as possible. .
The use of precise and meaningful keywords is still an advantage, even though the importance of the keywords has dramatically decreased for external crawlers. Internal crawlers can still trust your keywords and improve your website search feature.

Source and further information:
"Prioritizing Web Usability" by Jakob Nielsen/Hoa Loranger
http://www.essex.ac.uk/wag/searchguide/search2.aspx

The tested website contains keywords.

Label for Form Elements

The logical connection between definition and form field is missing if the form fields lack an explicit  title.

This means that in the instance of a linear form, it is not apparent which definition belongs to which fiels. This is why the element LABEL was introduced with the attribute for, allowing the explicit definition for form fields.
 
Using the element LABEL allows Screen-Readerusers in particular to view the definition of the form field directly in the form field itself.

Source:
http://www.barrierefreies-webdesign.de/knowhow/formulare/label.html. Further information can be found in the W3C accessibility guidelines (12.4 Associate labels explicitly with their controls, Guideline 12, Accessibility Guidelines for Web Content 1.0, W3C recommendations 5th May 1999http://www.w3c.de/Trans/WAI/webinhalt.html) und http://de.selfhtml.org/html/formulare/strukturieren.htm.

The tested website complies with this requirement.

Layout Tables

A table based layout carries many disadvantages if compared to a purely CSS layout. A CSS layout improves both accessibility and performance.

Further information:
A detailed article by Douglas Bowman can be found onhttp://www.stopdesign.com/articles/throwing_tables/.
Hint for webmasters: Be sure that when embedding third party content, e.g. with iFrame, there are no layout tables included.

The tested website does not use table layout.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

RSS or Atom Feed

RSS is a technique that allows users to subscribe to contents of a website such as news, reports, blogs, etc. Atom is a format competing with RSS.

Newly published content is regularly and automatically downloaded on the subscriber's computer or other devices thanks to RSS or Atom. This allows the subscriber to keep up to date.
 
Functions based on RSS are increasingly integrated in existing applications, like e-mail programmes or web browsers.

Further information:
http://www.stefanbucher.net/tutorial/rss/

Acronyms:
RSS: Really Simple Syndication, also called Rich Site Summary or RDF Site Summary

Contents in RSS or Atom format were found.

Table Summary

"The TABLE element takes an optional SUMMARY attribute to describe the purpose and/or structure of the table. The overview provided by the SUMMARY attribute is particularly helpful to users of non-visual browsers."

Source:
http://htmlhelp.com/reference/html40/tables/table.html

Further information:
http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10-TECHS/#gl-table-markup

The tested website complies with this requirement.

Table Header

Table headers should be recognisable as such, since they perform a descriptive task. This allows disabled users an optimised user experience with tables.  In addition, this allows a simple unified formatting of all tables on the website through CSS.

Tools:
seven49.net Qualidierungs- und Validierungstool (kostenlos)

Further information:
http://edition-w3.de/TR/1999/REC-html401-19991224/struct/tables.html,
http://de.selfhtml.org/html/tabellen/aufbau.htm,
http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10-TECHS/#tech-table-headers.

The tested website contains specially marked table headers.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

Nr. of Keywords

Using the ideal number of keywords can contribute to the searchability of a website. However, search engines may class it as "keyword spam" if too many keywords are used.

The keywords contained in the tested website are neither too many nor too few.

HTML Class and ID Names

To abstract design from the structure and the content, HTML should contain classes. Classes are invisible to web site users, and allow to classify elements, paragraphs, areas, etc.

The website designer can select and re-format classes with a stylesheet. Classes are only necessary if they differentiate elements, paragraphs, areas, etc. A common mistake is for instance the classification of all elements of one type, which does not add any value but makes the HTML and CSS code unnecessarily long, complex and difficult to understand. Such cases are also referred to as "Classitis", see also
http://www.bs-markup.de/blog/archiv/2005/06/30/dr-css/ .

Another typical error is the wrong naming of the classes.

An article detailing these problems can be found on the seven49.net - Papers.
/Web/de/Papers_Links/Bezeichnung_von_IDs_und_Klassen.htm

The tested website complies with the requirements.

"id" as parameter in URLs

Search engines do not include pages in their indexes which contain "?id=" or "&id=" in their URL or query string. Examples:

http://www.anyaddress.com/index.html?id=727

http://www.anyaddress.com/products.aspx?category=3&id=7

Google does actually index those pages since Autumn 2006, in contrast to their previous practice. Still, those URLs are not advisable since they do not specify how other objects are called, they mean nothing to users and they are not optimised for search engines. An additional tool is available for this test, which allows to highlight any warnings, tips and hints in the source text of the website. You can find this tool here:
http://www.qualidator.com/Web/en/ProductsServices/SiteAnalyzer2.htm

"If you decide to use dynamic pages (i.e., the URL contains a "?" character), be aware that not every search engine spider crawls dynamic pages as well as static pages. It helps to keep the parameters short and the number of them few."

Bad examples:
http://www.irgendeineadresse.com/index.html?id=727

http://www.irgendeineadresse.com/products.aspx?category=3&id=7

Source:
http://www.google.com/support/webmasters/bin/answer.py?answer=35769

The tested website complies with the requirements.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

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The tested website successfully passed this test.

Blank Images

Older web projects were often designed with so-called "empty images" (i.e. images without content, used as placeholder). This technique is now outdated and should be replaced with CSS features such as "Padding" and "Margin". This allows an increased performance of the website, as well as a strict separation between design and content, and an abstraction of the design from the structure.

Further information:
http://seybold.jan-andresen.de/05killer.php

No empty images were found on the tested website.

MyRating: Test Website

Test Website
The quality of a website defines the success on the internet, also in economical terms. Score points on the  Qualidator (from Quality Validator) and bring the potential of your website to life.

The Qualidator reviews the first five pages of a website with about 60-70 automated tests, on the core aspects of usability, accessibility, SEO (Search Engines Optimisation) and quality (technical quality).

Please introduce the URL/address of a website. Example: www.microsoft.com.
The test will last between one and five minutes, depending on the website and server load.

Qualidator News & Hints

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Qualidator.com has been optimized for the iPhone and other SmartPhones in the last few month. Check it out. Feedback welcome.
Do you already know the Qualidator® SiteAnalyzer?
The Qualidator® SiteAnalyzer is a Windows application, developed to allow a one step, page by page, automated validation of an entire web project (XHTML & CSS), and to review the quality by carrying out over 30 additional tests.

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